There is a broad consensus regarding the need to improve student outcomes in the educational systems of Latin America and the Caribbean. After an attempt to institute various reforms and initiatives, the demand for quality and equity continues to be heard throughout the region. Meeting this demand will require significant changes, regarding not only the teaching of subjects that are relevant to needs of a knowledge society, but also teaching them in a way that takes full account of the educational context that 21st century society has generated.
There is also a growing consensus regarding the importance of incorporating information and communication technologies (ICTs) in education (Kozma, 2008). These technologies do not in themselves make a marked impact on educational results. However, they can constitute an essential component in efforts to improve educational quality, to the extent that they are a part of systematic efforts.
The underlying assumption of this conceptual framework is that any genuinely educational project seeks to improve learning on the part of students. This involves a realization that there may be a number of different expected results, but that each of these must in some way be related to student learning. The following are fundamentally important considerations in this regard:
- Improvement in the commitment and involvement of students in the learning process, as reflected in their continued participation in this process.
- Changes in practices and experiences with respect to teaching and learning on the part of students, teachers, schools, and communities.
These changes and improvements are essential to any effective impact on the improvement of:
- Cognitive learning(curricular);
- The development of non-cognitive skills, or “21st century skills,” including the acquisition of skills involving the use of Information and Communication Technologies.
On the basis of this Framework, we also propose a set of indicators that will facilitate the monitoring and evaluation of the initiatives to be implemented within different contexts.
The Technical Note is available in the following formats: